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| Last Updated:: 14/05/2016

Grassland Eco-System

Photo Source: Internet

 

 

GRASSLAND ECO-SYSTEM

Grass land and Savannahs are grass dominated biomes and form the major part of vegetation in Kaziranga National Park, Pobitora, Orang, Sonai-Rupai, Laokhowa, Barnadi, Burachapori, Dibru-Saikhowa Wildlife Sanctuaries and some part in Manas National Park. Grasslands support important wildlife population in Assam. Important grasses are Apluda mutica, Phragmatis karka, Sclerostachya fusca, Saccharum species etc. These species grow gregariously at the onset of monsoon and grow even upto 6 meters tall.

 

 

Grasslands of Assam
Sl Name (District) Size (Sq.km.) Species of grass Conservation status
1 Kaziranga (Golaghat, Nagaon. Sonitpur) 400 3,2,1,5,6,4 1,A
2 Manas (Barpeta, Bongaigaon) 250 5,2,3 1,B
3 Kobochapori (Dhemaji) 80 2,4,5,6,3,1 4,D
4 Dibru-saikhowa (Dibrugarh. Tinsukia) 70 1,2,5,6,4,3 1,B
5 Amarpur and Sibia chapori (Tinsukia) 50 1,2,4,6,5,3 5,D
6 Orang (Darrang, Sonitpur) 50 5,3,1,4,2,6 1,A
7 Laokhowa (Nagaon) 40 1,2,3,6,5,4 2,B
8 Jamjing(Dhemaji) 30 1,2,3,6,5,4 3,D
9 Burhachapori (Sonitpur) 30 1,2,3,6,5,4 2,B
10 Sadia (Tinsukia)# 30 1,2,4,6,5,3 5,D
11 Bordalani (Dhemaji, Lakhimpur) 20 1,2,5 5,D
12 Pabitora (Morigaon) 20 2,5,1,6,4,3 2,B
13 Barnadi (Darrang) 15 5,4,6,2,3 2,B
14 Pabho (Lakhimpur) 15 6,1,5,2,3,4 3,D
15 Borchapori (Lakhimpur) 15 1,2,6,5,3,4 5,D
16 Kochmora (Sonitpur) 15 1,2,3,6,4,5 3,D
17 Pani-Dihing (Sibsagar) 15 1,2,5,3 2,B
18 Nameri (Sonitpur) 10 2,3,5,6,4,1 1,A
19 Sengajan (Dhemaji) 10 1,2,3,6,5,4 3,D
20 Hugrajuli (Sonitpur) 10 5,4,2,3,6 3,D
21 Sonai-Rupai (Sonitpur)* 10 5,4,2,3,6 2,B
22 Matmora-Tekeliphuta (Lakhimpur) 10 1,2,6,5,3,4 5,D
23 Sisi-Sonarighat (Dhemaji) 10 1,2,6,5,3,4 5,D

Source: State Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan, Assam, 2009

Species of Grass: 1 = Arundo donax; 2 = Phragmites karka; 3 = Erianthus ravennae; 4 = Imperata cylindrica;
5 = Saccharrum spp.; 6 = Other spp.

Conservation status: 1 = National Park, 2 = Wildlife Sanctuary, 3 = Reserve forest, 4 = Proposed Reserve Forest, 5 = Other areas, A = adequately protected, B = Inadequately protected, C = Very Inadequately protected, D = no protection, # Bhim Chapori, Kundil Kalia RF and Ambikapur, * Scattered along river banks.

 

 

Assam Forest Protection Force Act 1986

Assam Forest at a Glance 2011-12

Assam Settlement of Forest Coupes and Mahals by Tender System Rules 1967

Rules Having the Force of Law and Executive Orders Relating to Forests

Rules and Orders in Force in Certain Districts

Forest Regulation 1891

Assam Bamboo Policy

 

 

 

Database:

Reserve Forest of Assam

Forest Report of Assam 2011

Forest Division wise area under Forest in Assam 2007 

Forest Division wise area under Forest in Assam 2008 

Forest Division wise area under Forest in Assam 2009 

Forest Division wise area under Forest in Assam 2010 

Forest Division wise area under Forest in Assam 2011 

Forest Division wise area under Forest in Assam 2012

 

 

Source:

Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change

Department of Environment & Forests, Government of Assam

Assam Project on Forest and Biodiversity Conservation Society

Maps of India

assamforest.in 

http://natureconservation.in/ 

http://www.sanctuariesindia.com/ 

http://www.assam.org/

bhuvan.nrsc.gov.in 

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